Conformers of Gaseous Cysteine
. Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation 2009
Structures, accurate relative energies, equilibrium and vibrationally averaged rotational constants, quartic and sextic centrifugal distortion constants, dipole moments, N-14 nuclear quadrupole coupling constants, anharmonic vibrational frequencies, and double-harmonic infrared intensities have been determined from ab initio electronic structure computations for conformers of the neutral form of the natural amino acid L-cysteine (Cys). A systematic scan located 71 unique conformers of Cys using the MP2(FC)/cc-pVTZ method. The large number of structurally diverse low-energy conformers of Cys necessitates the highest possible levels of electronic structure theory to determine their relative energies with some certainty. For this reason, we determined the relative energies of the lowest-energy eleven conformers, accurate within a standard error (11 or) of about 0.3 kJ mol(-1), through first-principles composite focal-point analyses (FPA), which employed extrapolations using basis sets as large as aug-cc-pV(5+d)Z and correlation treatments as extensive as CCSD(T). Three and eleven conformers Of L-cysteine fall within a relative energy of 6 and 10 kJ mol(-1), respectively. The vibrationally averaged rotational constants computed in this study agree well with Fourier-transform microwave spectroscopy results. The effects determining the relative energies of the low-energy conformers of cysteine are analyzed in detail on the basis of hydrogen bond additivity schemes and natural bond orbital analysis.